Manufacturing and construction accounts for 10 per cent global GHG emissions worldwide.1 This comes from power plants, farms, construction of industrial buildings and houses. The UK emissions from heavy industry account for 40 per cent of total UK C02 emissions. The rapid urbanisation of the world’s population is leading to the prospective development of more manufacturing units, and new urban buildings.

The social expectations and environmental standards of manufacturing companies continue to rise as they operate in a global economy. Reducing adverse ecological effects can be obtained if larger corporations adopt business models and services which benefit from advanced technology while retaining increased productivity and customer benefits.

The industry and manufacturing sector is supporting a diverse range of businesses, including petroleum refining, automobile production, cement, chemicals and metals smelting. Taken as a whole, this sector makes up 32% of the world’s total energy consumption today.

The majority of this energy consumption takes place in developed countries due to their substantial industrial and manufacturing base. Although developing country manufacturing capacity is typically more energy intensive, recent developments show that this trend is now changing with many new facilities matching or exceeding the efficiency of those in developed countries.2


• Improved efficiency in producing electricity which can be utilised for energy consumption of building and appliances.
• Use of renewable energy – power of the wind, sun, water, tidal and other forces to generate energy.
• Packaging should be kept to a minimum and should be renewable, reusable and bio-gradable.
• Minimal material waste
• Accuracy and precision in manufacturing
• Improved techniques in sensors
• Detection of faults in manufacturing


1. Pew Centre on Global Climate Change, ‘Climate Change 101: Understanding and Responding to Global Climate Change’, Technological Solutions.
2. Pathways 2050, Dedicated to Making a Difference.